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Death Valley National Park
Geology Image Gallery - Mining

Reagan with Boraxo

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One of the many uses of borax
Photo from NPS archives.

Borax is a common ingredient of laundry products.

Cottonball

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Borax "cotton ball"
Photo from NPS archives.

Cotton balls are fibrous nodules of ulexite and proberite (sodium and calcium borate minerals) that form on the surface of some of Death Valley's salt pans. Cottonball Basin was the site of Death Valley's first borax production.

Group of borax miners.

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Group of borax miners
Photo from NPS archives.

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Harmony Borax Works

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Harmony Borax Works
Photo from NPS archives.

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Harmony Borax Works

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Harmony Borax Works
Photo from NPS archives.

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Harmony Borax Works today

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Harmony Borax Works today
Photo by Olson, NPS

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Death Valley National Park in 1906.

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Death Valley National Park
1906
Photo by Kunze.

Death Valley National Park in 1906.

Town of Skidoo 1906.

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Death Valley National Park in 1906
Town of Skidoo
Photo by ????

The discovery of gold at Skidoo in the early 1900's sparked Death Valley's third mining period.

Harmony Borax Works.

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Harmony Borax Works
Artist’s reconstruction from a photograph in Death Valley National Park files.

Post-abandonment view of plant, looking east.

Harmony Borax Works.

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Harmony Borax Works
Artist’s reconstruction from a photograph in Death Valley National Park files.

Harmony plant shortly after abandonment, looking south from area of the crystallizing vats.

Harmony Borax Works.

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Harmony Borax Works
Photo by Ray Nordeen, NPS

Harmony Borax Works.

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Harmony Borax Works
Photo by Ray Nordeen, NPS

Harmony Borax Works.

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Harmony Borax Works
Photo by Ray Nordeen, NPS

Mule team near Harmony Borax Works.

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Twenty mule team wagon
Photo by Ed Derobertis, NPS

For the first time in 50 years, an entire mule team and original wagon were brought to Harmony Borax Works in Death Valley in celebration of the 50th anniversary of the Death Valley 49er's Encampment. The team is still property of the Pacific Borax Co. These pictures were taken on November 13, 1999 during a demonstration that showed how the team turned corners. This photo was taken from Harmony Borax Works.

Mule team near Harmony Borax Works.

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Twenty mule team wagon
Photo by Ed Derobertis, NPS

For the first time in 50 years, an entire mule team and original wagon were brought to Harmony Borax Works in Death Valley in celebration of the 50th anniversary of the Death Valley 49er's Encampment. The team is still property of the Pacific Borax Co. These pictures were taken on November 13, 1999 during a demonstration that showed how the team turned corners. This photo was taken from Harmony Borax Works.


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This page was last updated on 6/28/00