Appendix B: Yellowstone Paleo-Species List

Geologic Time Codes:


[C] Cambrian
[D] Devonian
[M] Mississippian
[P] Permian
[T] Triassic
[J] Jurassic
[K] Cretaceous
[E] Eocene
[Q] Quaternary
[H] Holocene

CHLOROPHYTA
Hydrodictyaceae
Pediastrum sp. [Q]

CHAROPHYTA
Characeae
Chara sp. [Q]

BRYOPHYTA
Aulacomniaceae
Aulacomnium palustre [Q]
Hypnaceae
Climacium dendroides [Q]
Drepanocladus sp. [Q]
Sphagnaceae
Sphagnum warnstorfianum [Q]

PTERIDOPHYTA
Aspidaceae
Dryopteris xantholithense [E]
Cyatheaceae
Cyathidites minor [E]
Davalliaceae
?Davallia montana [E]
Equisetaceae
Equisetum canaliculatum [E]
Equisetum deciduum [E]
Equisetum sp. [E]
Gleicheniaceae
Cardioangulina sp. [E]
Hymenophyllaceae
Hymenophyllumsporites sp. [E]
Lycopodiaceae
Lycopodium sp. [E]
Marattiaceae
Punctatosporites scabratus [E]
Polypodiaceae
Laevigatosporites haardti [E]
Laevigatosporites ovatus [E]
Laevigatosporites sp. [E]
Schizaeaceae
Lygodium kaulfussii [E]
Lygodium sp. [E]
Schizaea sp. [E]
Triplanosporites microsinosis [E]
Selaginellaceae
Neoraistrickia sp. [E]
Selaginella sp. [E]
Selaginella densa [Q]
Selaginella selaginoides [Q]
Thelypteridaceae
Thelypteris iddingsi [E]
Thelypteris weedii [E]

SPERMATOPHYTA
GYMNOSPERMAE
Cupressaceae
Cupressinoxylon lamarense [E]
Libocedrus decurrenoides [E]
Thuja xantholitica [E]
Juniperus sp. [E]
Juniperus communis [Q]
Juniperus virginiana [Q]
Cycadaceae
Cycadopites sp. [E]
Monosulcites sp. [E]
Zamites pollardi [E]
Ephedraceae
Ephedra torreyana [Q]
Ephedra viridis [Q]
Ephedra sp. [E]
Pinaceae
Abies lapidea [E]
Abies lasiocapra [Q]
Cedrus sp. [E]
Larix sp. [E]
Picea engelmannii [Q]
Piceoxylon laricinoides [E]
Pinus albicaulis [Q]
Pinus baumani [E]
Pinus contorta [Q]
Pinus fallax [E]
Pinus flexilis [Q]
Pinus gracilistrobus [E]
Pinus macrolepis [E]
Pinus ponderosa [Q]
Pinus premurrayana [E]
Pinus pseudotsugoides [E]
Pinus wardii [E]
Pinus wheeleri [E]
Pityoxylon sp. [E]
Pseudotsuga menziesii [Q]
Tsuga heterophylla [Q]
Tsuga mertensiana [Q]
Tsuga minisacca [E]
Tsuga viridifluminipites [E]
Podocarpaceae
Podocarpus sp. [E]
Taxaceae
?Taxus sp. [E]
Taxodiaceae
Glyptostrobus nordenskioeldii [E]
Sequoia affinis [E]
Sequoia lapillipites [E]
Sequoia magnifica [E]
Taxodiaceaepollenites hiatus [E]
Taxodium hiatipites [E]

ANGIOSPERMAE MONOCOTYLEDONAE
Areaceae Arecipites sp. [E]
Monocolpopollenites sp. [E]
Cyperaceae
Carex aquatilis [Q]
Carex canescens [Q]
Carex diandra [Q]
Carex geyeri [Q]
Carex hoodii [Q]
Carex limosa [Q]
Carex phaeocephala [Q]
Carex utriculata [Q]
Carex vesicaria [Q]
?Cyperacites sp. [E]
Eleocharis macrostachya [Q]
Eriophorum sp. [Q]
Scripus acutus [Q]
Gramineae
Agropyron sp. [Q]
Bromus inermis [Q]
Calamagrostis canadensis [Q]
Calamagrostis inexpansa [Q]
Deschampsia caespitosa [Q]
Elymus sp. [Q]
Glyceria borealis [Q]
Glyceria maxima [Q]
Graminidites sp. [E]
Poa sp. [Q]
Sitanion longifolium [Q]
Stipa sp. [Q]
Juncaceae
Luzula parviflora [Q]
Luzula spicata [Q]
Liliaceae
Liliacidites sp. [E]
Smilax lamarensis [E]
Najadaceae
Najas flexilis [Q]
Potamogeton alpinus [Q]
Potamogeton filiformis [Q]
Potamogeton gramineus [Q]
Potamogeton illinoensis [Q]
Potamogeton pectinatus [Q]
Potamogeton vaginatus [Q]
Pandanaceae
Pandanus sp. [E]
Potamogetonaceae
Potamogeton sp. [E]
Sparganiaceae
Sparganium angustifolium [Q]
Sparganium minimum [Q]
Typhaceae
Typha angustifolia [Q]
Typha latifolia [Q]
Typha leaquiereuxi [E]

DICOTYLEDONAE Aceraceae
Acer bendierei [E]
Acer sp. [Q]
Anacardiaceae
Rhus crystallifera [Q]
Aquifoliaceae
Ilex sp. [Q]
Araliaceae
Aralia notata [Q]
Aralia wrightii [Q]
Betulaceae
Alnus tenuifolia [Q]
Alnus sp. [E]
Betula claripites [E]
Betula glandulosa [Q]
Betula occidentalis [Q]
Betula sp. [Q]
Carpinus absarokensis [E]
Carpinus ancipites [E]
Corylus macquarrii [E]
Bombacaceae
Bombacacidites sp. [E]
Boraginaceae
Mertensia sp. [Q]
Burseraceae
Canarium leonis [E]
Callitrichaceae
Callitriche sp. [Q]
Campanulaceae
Campanula rotundifolia [Q]
Chenopodiaceae
Atriplex sp. [Q]
Chenmopodipollis sp. [E]
Sarcobatus vermiculatus [Q]
Combretaceae
?Terminalia sp. [E]
Compositae
Achillea lanulosa [Q]
Ambrosia [Q]
Antennaria [Q]
Artemisia tridentata [Q]
Aster sp. [Q]
Chrysothamnus sp. [Q]
Cornaceae
Cornus wrightii [E]
?Mastixia sp. [E]
Crassulaceae
Sedum lanceolatum [Q]
Sedum rhodanthum [Q]
Sedum rosea [Q]
Cruciferae
Arabis glabra [Q]
Descurainia californica [Q]
Rorippa islandica [Q]
Cyrillaceae
Cyrilloxylon eocenicium [E]
Ebenaceae
Diospyros brachysepala [E]
Diospyros lamarensis [E]
Eleagnaceae
Shepherdia canadensis [Q]
Ericaceae
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi [Q]
Kalmia polifolia [Q]
Ledum glandulosum [Q]
Phyllodoce empetriformis [Q]
Vaccinium myrtillus [Q]
Euphorbiaceae
Amamoa sp. [E]
Fagaceae
Castanea castaneaefolia [E]
Castanopsis longipetiolatum [E]
Fagopsis longifolia [E]
Fagus grandiporosa [E]
Nothofagus sp. [E]
Quercinium amthystianum [E]
Quercinium knowltonii [E]
Quercinium lamarense [E]
Quercus furcinervis americana [E]
Quercus grossidentata [E]
Quercus rubida [E]
Quercus simulata [E]
Quercus weedii [E]
Magnoliaceae
Magnolia californica [E]
Magnolia culveri [E]
Magnolia spectabilis [E]
Menyanthaceae
Menyanthes trifoliata [Q]
Moraceae
?Artocarpus sp. [E]
Broussonetia sp. [E]
Ficus asiminaefolia [E]
Ficus densifolia [E]
Ficus haquei [E]
Ficus shastensis [E]
Myricaceae
Myrica absarokensis [E]
Myrica lamarensis [E]
Myrica wardii [E]
Myrtaceae
Myrtaceidites sp. [E]
Nymphaeaceae
Nuphar luteum [Q]
Nuphar sp. [E]
Nyssaceae
Nyssa puercoensis [E]
Nyssa saximontana [E]
Oleaeceae
Fraxinus sp. [E]
Onagraceae
Epilobium adenocaulon [Q]
Epilobium glandulosum [Q]
Epilobium lactiflorum [Q]
Platanaceae
Plataninium haydenii [E]
Plantanophyllum whitneyi [E]
Plantanus appendiculata [E]
Plantanus browni [E]v Plantanus sp. [E]
Polemoniaceae
Phlox multiflora [Q]
Polemonium sp. [Q]
Polygonaceaev Bistorta bistortoides [Q]
Bistorta vivipara [Q]
Eriogonum sp. [Q]
Persicaria amphibia [Q]
Persicaria maculata [Q]
Polygonum ramosissimum [Q]
Rumex fueginus [Q]
Rumex paucifolius [Q]
Quercus sp. [Q]
Gentianaceae
Gentianopsis thermalis [Q]
Grossulariaceae
Ribes sp. [Q]
Haloragidaceae
Myriphyllum sp. [E]
Hamamelidaceae
Hamamelis sp. [E]
Hydrophyllaceae
Phacelia sp. [E]
Icacinaceae
Phytocrene sordida [E]
Juglandaceae
Carya antiquorum [E]
Juglans crescentia [E]
Juglans rugosa [E]
Juglans sp. [Q]
Momiptes coryloides [E]
Momiptes trenuipolus [E]
Momiptes triorbicularis [E]
Momiptes triradiatus [E]
Pterocarya roanensis [E]
Pterocaryoxylon knowltonii [E]
Lauraceae
Cinnamomum spectabile [E]
Laurophyllum grandis [E]
Laurus ?primigenia [E]
Lindera varifolia [E]
Litsea lamarensis [E]
Persea pseudocarolinensis [E]
Perseaoxylon aromaticum [E]
Ulminium eocenicum [E]
Ulminium parenchumatosum [E]
Ulminium porosum [E]
Leguminosae
Acacia lamarensis [E]
Acacia macrosperma [E]
Acacia wardii [E]
Leguminosites inlustris [E]
Leguminosites lamarensis [E]
Lupinus argenteus [Q]
Lentibulariaceae
Utricularia minor [Q]
Utricularia vulgaris [Q]
Loranthaceae
Arceuthobium americanum [Q]
Arceuthobium campylopodum [Q]
Arceuthobium douglasii [Q]
Rumex salicifolius [Q]
Ranunculaceae
Aconitum columbianum [Q]
Anemone multifida [Q]
Ranunculus aquatilis [Q]
Rhamnaceae
Ceanothus velutinus [Q]
Rhamnacinium radiatum [E]
Rhamnus eorectinervis [E]
Rhizophoraceae
?Rhizophora sp. [E]
Rosaceae
Cercocarpus sp. [Q]
Frageria sp. [Q]
Geum macrophyllum [Q]
Pentaphylloides floribunda [Q]
Potentilla biennis [Q]
Potentilla gracilis [Q]
Potentilla norvegica [Q]
Potentilla palustris [Q]
Prunus gummosa [E]
Sibbaldia procumbens [Q]
Rubiaceae
Galium trifidum [Q]
Salicaceae
Populus balsamifera [Q]
Populus balsamoides [E]
Populus tremuloides [Q]
Populus trichocarpa [Q]
?Populus vivaria [E]
?Populus sp. [E]
Salix angusta [E]
Salix arctica [Q]
Salix liqulifolia [Q]
Salix subcoerulea [Q]
Salix varians [E]
Salix sp. [E]
Sapindaceae
?Cupanieidites sp. [E]
Koelreuteria mixta [E]
Sapindus grandifoliolus [E]
Sapindus wardii [E]
Saxifragaceae
Saxifraga caespitosa [Q]
Saxifraga rhomboidea [Q]
Staphyleaceae
Turpinia Lamarense [E]
Sterculiaceae
Fremontia sp. [E]
Pterospermites haguei [E]
Reevesia sp. [E]
Tiliaceae
Tilia sp. Type 1 & Type 2 [E]
Triumfetta sp. [E]
Ulmaceae
Planera sp. [E]
Trema sp. [E]
Ulmus? Pseudofulva [E]
Ulmus or Zelkova sp. [E]
Zelkkova browni [E]
Zelkovoxylon occidentale [E]
Utricaceae
Utrica sp. [Q]
Vitaceae
Cissus haguei [E]
Parthenocissus sp. [E]
Vitis sp. [E]

INSERTAE SEDIS
Pteridophyta
Deltoidospora diaphana [E]
Deltoidospora hallii [E]
?Leiotriletes sp. [E]
Spermatophyta
Phyllites crassifolia [E]
Thomsonipollis sp. [E]

PROTOZOA
Endothyra baileyi [M]

PORIFERA
Holasterella wrighti [M]

COELENTERATA
Actinostroma sp. [D]
Aulopora geometrica [M]
Cladopora sp. [D]
Clisiophyllum teres [M]
Cyathophyllum caespitosum [D]
Favosites sp. [D]
Lithostrotion sp. [M]
Menophyllum excavatum [M]
Michelinia placenta [M]
Pachyphyllum sp. [D]
Syringopora aculeata [M]
Syringopora surcularia [M]

BRYOZOA
Anisotrypa sp. [M]
Eridopora sp. [M]
Fenestella sp. [M]
Ptilopora sp. [M]
Stictoporella sp. [M]

ARTHROPODA
Insecta
Amara sp. [Q]
Aphodius sp. [Q]
Bembidion sp. [Q]
Daphnia sp. [Q]
Ichthebius sp. [Q]
Tachinus elongatus [Q]
Trilobitomorpha
Agnostus bidens [C]
Agnostus interstrictus [C]
Agnostus tumidosus [C]
Arionellus sp. [C]
Crepicephalus texanus [C]
Liostracus parvus [C]
Proetus loganensis [M]
Proetus peroccidens [M]
Ptychoparia antiquata [C]
Ptychoparia penfieldi [C]
Solenopleura weedi [C]
Zaconthoides sp. [C]

MOLLUSCA
Cepalpoda
Baculites sp. [K]
Belemnites densus [J]
Scaphites sp. [K]
Gastropoda
Amnicola cretacea [K]
Goniobasis increbescens [K]
Goniobasis pealei [K]
Loxonema delicatum [D]
Loxonema sp. [M]
Lysoma powelli [J]
Naticopsis sp. [M]
Platyceras primordialis [C]
Platyceras sp. [M]
Platystoma minutum [D]
Pleurotomaria isaacsi [D]
Straparollus utahensis [M]
Pelecypoda
Anatina punctata [J]
Astarte meeki [J]
Camptonectes distans [J]
Camptonectes pertenuistriatus [J]
Camptonectes stygius [J]
Corbula subtrigonalis [K]
Cypricardia haguei [J]
Gervillia dolabrata [J]
Gervillia montanensis [J]
Gryphaea sp. [J]
Homomya gallatinensis [J]
Inoceramus acuteplicatus [K]
Inoceramus flaccidus [K]
Inoceramus umbonatus [K]
Inoceramus undabundus [K]
Ostrea sp. [J;K]
Pholadomya inaequiplicata [J]
Pholadomya kingi [J]
Pinna jurassica [J]
Pleuromya hectica [J]
Pleuromya subcompressa [J]
Pleuromya weberensis [J]
Thracia montanaensis [J]
Thracia weedi [J]
Unio sp. [K]
Rostrochonchia
Conocardium pulchellum [M]

HYOLITHA
Hyolithes primordialis [C]

BRACHIOPODA
Acrotreta gemma [C]
Athyris incrassata [M]
Athyris lamellosa [M]
Athyris vittata [D]
Atrypa missouriensis [D]
Atrypa reticularis [D]
Billingsella coloradoensis [C]
Camarophoria ringens [M]
Camarotoechia camarifera [M]
Camarotoechia herrickana [M]
Camarotoechia metallica [M]
Camarotoechia sappho [M]
Chonetes loganensis [M]
Chonetes ornatus [M]
Cliothyris crassicardinalis [M]
Cliothyris roissyi [M]
Crania laevis [M]
Derbya keokuk [M]
Dicellomus nanus [C]
Dielasma utah [M]
Eumetria verneuiliana [M]
Iphidea sculptilis [C]
Kallirhynchia myrina [J]
Leptaena rhomboidalis [M]
Lingula sp. [T]
Lingula subspatulata [K]
Lingulella acuminatus [C]
Lingulella desideratus [C]
Liorhynchus haguei [M]
Martinia rostrata [M]
Orthis remnicha [C]
Orthis sandbergi [C]
Orthothetes inaequalis [M]
Productella alifera [M]
Productella cooperensis [M]
Productus gallatinensis [M]
Productus laevicosta [M]
Productus parviformis [M]
Productus scabriculus [M]
Productus semireticulatus [M]
Reticularia cooperensis [M]
Rhipidomella michelini [M]
Seminula humilis [M]
Seminula immatura [M]
Seminula madisonensis [M]
Spirifer centronatus [M]
Spirifer engelmanni [D]
Spirifer marionensis [M]
Spirifer striatus [M]
Spirifer subattenuatus [M]
Spiriferina solidirostris [M]

ECHINODERMATA
Pentacrinus asteriscus [J]
Platycrinus symmetricus [M]
Scaphiocrinus sp. [M]

FISH
indeterminate fish bone,
teeth and scales [P,K]
cf. Helodus sp.

REPTILIA

CHELONIA

indeterminate turtle shell [K]

DINOSAURIA
indeterminate dinosaur bones and eggshell [K]

PLESIOSAURIA
Plesiosaur (unidentified) [K]

MAMMALIA
INSECTIVORA
Soricidae
Sorex cinereus [H]
Sorex vagrans [H]
Sorex palustris [H]
Sorex merriami [H]
Sorex hoyi [H]

CHIROPTERA
Vespertilionidae
Myotis sp. [H]

LAGOMORPHA
Leporidae
Sylvilagus nuttallii [H]
Sylvilagus audubonii [H]
Lepus americanus [H]
Lepus townsendii [H]

RODENTIA
Scoirodae
Tamias sp. [H]
Marmota flaviventris [H]
Spermophilus armatus [H]
Tamiasciurus hudsonicus [H]
Geomyidae
Thomomys talpoides [H]
Castoridae
Castor canadensis [H]
Cricetidae
Peromyscus cf. maniculatus [H]
Neotoma cinerea [H]
Clethrionomys cf. gapperi [H]
Phenacomys intermedius [H]
Ondatra zibethicus [H]
Microtus pennsylvanicus [H]
M. montanus/longicaudus [H]
Microtus ochrogaster [H]
Zapodidae
Zapus cf. priceps [H]

CARNIVORA
Canidae
Canis latrans [H]
Canis lupus [H]
Vulpes vulpes [H]
Ursidae
Ursus arctos [H]
Mustelidae
Mustela cf. frenata [H]
Taxidea taxus [H]
Mephitis mephitis [H]

ARTIODACTYLA
Cervidae
Cervus elaphus [H]
Antilocapridae
Antilocapra americana [H]
Bovidae
Bison bison [H]
Ovis canadensis [H]